A literary element that uses features of the English language to convey meaning.

Analyzing Style

Style analysis is purely focused on effect. You should start off with a complete understanding of the content and the rhetorical situation; specifically the audience and purpose.


The closer the audience is to you, the more your opinion will matter when writing a style analysis.


The purpose is gathered from the author's claim…Finding a claim is the very first thing you should do in Style Analysis.

Identify and Characterize

In order for one to sufficiently analyze a piece, they must identify and characterize the author's diction and syntax along with sentences structure.
One must recognize the author's word choice, the sentence structure, grammatical mood, etc. to fully analyze the style used. All of these features are used to establish mood, meaning, and create illustrations for the audience. You need to identify what YOU saw throughout their piece…what stood out to you.


One must explain exactly how the above are used in the text. In order to do so, refer back to specific points in the text.
An author's word choice can be described as formal, informal, complex, vulgar, etc. Choose what the word choice is most like based on how you feel when you read the text.


Evaluate what effect this has on the audience. How did this piece make YOU feel?


Evaluate whether or not these chosen components help achieve the purpose. Explain why or why not.


1. Summary of claim,
Rhetorical Situation,
Author's goals

2. Claim of value ("good" or "bad") & rationale

3. Evidence

*Don't analyse logos— only in rhetorical analysis
*Avoid arrangement unless it is noticeably bad…(you get lost)

Styles in Literature


An Expository Writing's main goal is to explain. The author focuses on explaining a topic, without voicing their own opinions or concerns. It differs from Persuasive writing since it focuses on a situation they can't share their bias towards.


In descriptive writing, the main purpose is to describe. This writing style describes an event, a person, place, or thing. The author tends to spend more time on descriptions than anything else.


A Persuasive Writing's main goal is to persuade the audience. It can include the author's own opinions/biases, unlike Expository Writing.
"In persuasive writing, the author takes a stand and asks you to agree with his or her point of view."


A Narrative writing's main goal is to tell a story. The word choice is usually descriptive, due to the whole piece being a situation created by the author. It effectively illustrates scenarios in the audience's head, which is the author's purpose.

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