Metaphor

A metaphor directly refers to one thing by mentioning another for rhetorical effect. It can provide similarities between two things. Antithesis, Hyperbole, and simile are all a form of a metaphor.

Metaphors In Rhetoric

Aristotle said that metaphors make learning more enjoyable. "To learn easily is naturally pleasant to all people, and words signify something, so whatever words create knowledge in us are the pleasantest" (The Rhetoric). Metaphors have different qualities of both the exotic and the fascinating. Metaphors can also be used for argument purposes, since our reality is meditated by the language we use to describe in, the metaphors we use shape the world and what we do to it.

Examples

-Broken Heart - The heart is not actually broken, Whoever uses this just is intending to give off the feeling of beings hurt and sad.
-Time is a Thief - Time doesn't actually steal anything, this is just indicating that time passes by very fast as we grow older.

Purpose

Expressions are used to give an effect to a statement. Metaphors are sure to give a reader or watcher a better idea of the situation that is unfolding. Metaphors are meant to create an impact on readers and watchers, they try to convey a thought more forcefully rather than how a plain statement would.

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